- August 19, 2022
- Posted by: admin
- Categories: Business plans, Innovation, International
The world’s second-largest continent by area may not be the first destination that springs to mind for companies looking to expand operations overseas—but it is absolutely worth the time to explore. Many African nations have in the last few years begun to bloom; economies are growing, education and literacy rates are on the rise, and countries across the continent are receiving more foreign direct investment attention. While Africa as a whole has no shortage of issues on which to improve, sub-Saharan Africa is improving across a number of metrics—and this is why Africa should be in the running for a global expansion destination.
Reason One: Economic Growth is Quickening
In 2018, Sub-Saharan Africa’s economic growth rose to 3.1%, and is projected to reach 3.7% by 2020. Many sub-Saharan countries’ economies were negatively impacted by commodity prices plummeting and weakened currencies in 2016, but rebounded by 2.6% in the last two years, proving that these economies can withstand such hits. Nigeria, South Africa, and Angola generate the majority of sub-Saharan Africa’s GDP, coming at around 60%. Angola and South Africa are key members of the Continental Free Trade Area, a 54-nation strong trade deal that can help lift Africa’s poorest economies. The CFTA holds the potential to attract more manufacturers, providing much-needed production and operations in the region, as well as commodities diversification for both domestic and international consumption—and boosting Africa’s minute 3% share of global trade.
Reason Two: IT and Digital Transformation
While laptops and tablets are the norm in many countries, a respectable portion of African countries have more or less bypassed these larger electronics for mobile phones. These smaller devices give individuals and business owners alike access to mobile payment networks—many of which originated in East Africa. But it’s not just mobile payments that are adding to the digitization of the continent; software development is growing, too. American software company, Andela, received over $40 million in Series C investment from South African firm CRE Venture Capital, with the firm’s co-founder, Pule Taukobong stating that the investment isn’t just in the software produced, but in “Africa’s greatest asset:” its people. And, with Africa’s educated middle class growing, the demand (and expectation) for new, sophisticated products will only continue to rise—and create a new market for foreign and domestic companies.
Reason Three: The Need for Infrastructure, Connectors
If the UN’s projections are correct, 10 of the world’s fastest-growing cities will by 2035 be African. And for Africa to capitalize on and deliver its products to those within the continent and to ports for exportation, its infrastructure must be improved—and the opportunity for improvement is continent-wide.
To continue growth (and for smaller countries to realize their growth potential) everything from rail to roads to ports and power grids must be further developed. Africa’s blooming IT sector will surely contribute to this design and construction, but outside investment and foreign-owned companies can contribute significantly to this massive construction project. Currently, roads and rail lines are in disrepair and/or do not meet the growing demands of Africa’s economic growth. This has dire consequences for many sectors, but Africa’s farmers are hit especially hard, as nearly 50% of all fruits and vegetables grown on the continent spoil before reaching their market destinations. The solution to this and other transportation issues is apparent, and the opportunity to contribute to improve intra-continent trade is waiting.